Aggression may be defined as hostile behavior. It has been an evolutionary trait and is found among humans and animals. Aggression in human beings is a much more complicated emotion than aggression of animals.
Animals show aggression naturally towards other species. Animals also become aggressive when threatened and during mating rituals. Some animals are extremely aggressive about territory and dominance in its class. But what should be understood is that aggression is different from predatory instincts.
Understanding aggression is very important as it is related to violence. Although they are distinct terms they are related. Violence is initiated by aggression. But exhibition of violence does not imply the presence of aggression. Violence may be defensive or retaliatory and does not depend on aggression but more on instinct.
Aggression among humans is influenced by:
Cultural influence plays a major role in predicting behavioral patterns. What is culturally accepted by a class of people may not be accepted by another. This may lead to aggression if individual cultures do not preach resilience. The media also plays a major role in making a person more aggressive, watching graphic fight sequences will make you more aggressive. It has been conclusively proved that violent games increase the aggressive characters of children.
The most basic of all forms of aggression this is believed to be the most primary of all the types. Aggression in the male species is expressed more frequently physically than by non-physical means. Whereas, women express their hostility through non-physical means. Women also tend to initiate violence through indirect aggression.
Situational factors are undeniable. Sensations can trigger aggression too, even simple actions like the touch of a cold hand. Frustration, influence of alcohol, temperature, discomfort, pain and a number of feelings are capable of making a person more aggressive.
Aggression is not only influenced by external factors but also has a distinct inner signature. The activities of the brain and the role of neurotransmitters, hormones are there too.