The definition of “philosophy” is the love of wisdom. However, “Wisdom” is found in every culture and no single culture can claim to possess the ultimate answer and knowledge. Philosophy must be best understood as an intellectual and mental activity. It allows one to activate and stimulate one’s mind to reflect, critically assess and evaluate all human experiences and interests. Such a philosophy provides no definitive answer on any one aspect of human knowledge.
Branches of Philosophy:
Metaphysics is about the study of the nature of reality, including the relationship between mind and body, substance and accident, events and causation. Traditional branches are cosmology and ontology.
Epistemology is related with the nature and scope of knowledge, and whether knowledge is possible. Among its central concerns has been the challenge posed by skepticism and the relationships between truth, belief, and justification.
Ethics is concerned primarily with the question of the best way to live, and secondarily, concerning the question of whether this question can be answered. The classifications of ethics are meta-ethics, normative ethics, and applied ethics.
Political philosophy is a study of government and the relationship of individuals to communities including the state. It involves questions about justice, law, property, and the rights and obligations of the citizen.
Aesthetics is concerned with beauty, art, enjoyment, sensory-emotional values, perception, and matters of taste and sentiment.
Logic is the study of valid argument forms. The subject of logic has two broad divisions: mathematical logic and philosophical logic.
Philosophy of mind deals with the nature of the mind and its relationship to the body, and is typified by disputes between dualism and materialism.
Philosophy of language is about the inquiry into the nature, origins, and usage of language.
Philosophy of religion is a branch of philosophy that asks questions about the religion.