Surgical anatomy is a branch of medicine that deals with the study of internal structures of the body, and the application of this knowledge in surgical analysis and treatment. The form and structure of various tissues and organs of the body in relation to surgery are studied. This kind of study of anatomical structures and their relationship with each other are essential in getting an optimal access to a specific surgical field.
The surgical anatomy includes the detailed study of the various organs in the body with reference to their external appearance, internal structure, the interactions among them, and the successive stages of their development.
For a medicine and surgery student, surgical anatomy is the most important branch of anatomical science, as this study plays an essential role in the optimal application of anatomical studies to surgical practices. The anatomical study itself is divided into many distinct branches, depending upon the mutual resemblance between organs.
The description of basic anatomy of the body and the relationships between different organs and tissues will help a surgeon to understand surgical practices better. For this reason, the anatomy of various body organs and parts of organs such as thoracic wall, breast, mediastinum, larynx, respiratory system, pericardium, heart, diaphragm, abdominal wall, peritoneum, omenta, internal hernias, retroperitoneum, pharynx, Esophagus, stomach, small intestine, appendix, large intestine, anorectum, liver, gall bladder, pancreas, spleen, kidney, vascular system, urinary bladder, male genetical system, female genetical system, adrenal glands, pelvis, perineum, lymphatic system, etc are studied in depth. There are thus specialist surgeons for certain important organs too.
Thus the study of surgical anatomy helps better surgery; and if the senior and experienced professionals in the medical field apply their innovativeness and skills in research in this line based on their knowledge, better surgical procedures will be evolved in the future.