Applied science that deals with application of science, technology, engineering or mathematics to obtain health care is known as medical science. Medicine is the art of healing. It involves a variety of health care practices like prevention and treatment. Health care scientists deliver the diagnosis, treatment, care and support of patients in health care systems. Health care science encompasses biology, genetics, physiology, physics and bioengineering. There are 45 different specialism types in healthcare sciences. These specialisms are generally grouped into specialism involving life sciences, specialism involving physiological science and specialism involving bio engineering. Health care systems meet the health care needs of target populations. Health care providers enable preventive, curative & promotional health care services in a systematic way to individuals and to the world. Medical training and medical education varies around the world.
Medicine as a specialty
Medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis, management and treatment of diseases is known as internal medicine. There are many sub specialties of internal medicine like cardiology, critical care medicine, endocrinology, gastroenterology, geriatrics, haemetology, hepatology, infectious diseases, nephrology, oncology, pediatrics, pulmonology and rheumatology. Cotemporary medicine relates health science, biomedical research and medical technology. Health care systems conduct contemporary medicine. Medicine has many different specialties. The developments in these specialities are driven by modern technologies. From country to country the exact configuration of health care system varies. Health care system uses robust financing mechanism to meet the health needs of the populations that they serve. Health care industry includes several sectors which are incorporated to provide health care services and products. Group of trained professionals, paraprofessionals and interdisciplinary teams provide modern health care.
Importance of medicine
Medicine is the most important necessity to all human beings. It is the art of healing. It maintains and restores human health through the study, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disease injury and other damage to body and mind. Medicine is the study of body systems, diseases and treatments. Treatment is done with drugs, diet, exercise and other non surgical means. There are several types of medicines. Herbal medicine is very effective and a commonly used treatment nowadays as it comes from different plants. Herbal medicine is also known as botanical medicine or phytomedicine. Botanical medicine uses seeds, berries, roots, leaves, bark and flowers of plant for medicinal purposes. Allopathy is a conventional treatment method. This method treats diseases with remedies that produce entirely different effects from those caused by the disease itself.