Types Of Mechanical Stress Of Materials
Mechanical strength of materials refers to withstanding capability of material strength that can withstand stress without any such problem. Most of the mechanical strength of material depends on the microstructure of an object. Engineering process has ability to modify or change the nature of microstructure. The word mechanical strength of material refers to stresses in general with respect to beams, shafts and columns. The strength analysis may be subjected to any types of failure mode in correspondence with materials properties except the yield strength of material or ultimate strength of material.
Types of mechanical strength of material:
Uniaxial stress: Uniaxial stress is referred as the ratio of force that acts upon on certain area. Force acting area can be either deformed or undeformed. Area change is dependent on the applied true stress or engineering stress.
Compressive stress: Compressive stress is a type of stress that acts on reduced length of object in the same axis. When an object is squeezed it results in stress. The stress is much more than tensile stress.
Tensile stress: Tensile stress is a stress generated by load which may elongate the object in the axis. When an object is pulled it results in stress. For instance materials like metals with ductile behavior is capable of withstanding some defects however materials like ceramics can never withstand such effects.
Shear stress: Shear stress is a type of stress imposed by opposing forces which may either act in parallel along the object. Shear stress is also referred as sliding forces with respect to the other material. For instance stress caused by scissors when cutting paper is referred as shear stress.