International Corporate Finance Issues
International corporate finance is different to the domestic variety as companies face for more barriers to success at all stages of the transaction and in its on going management. It is interesting that overseas investment risks and foreign currency exposures still take up so much time of senior manager in many multinational or transnational corporations. The development of global brands, global products and, to a lesser extent, global customers, has driven expansion, and yet there is no really global company. If a company were truly global, it would have balance its business exposures to the relative economic size of the countries and currencies around the world. However it would have gone one stage further and balanced its ownership and funding sources on the same basis as its profits and cash flows so that its investors were not all expecting a return denominated in a particular currency, such as the US dollar. At present, even though investors in very large companies may be located all over the world, they will still view each such investment as being based in a particular currency. International corporate finance provides an overview of the global financial environment, presents the Balance of Payment accounts, imparts a serious discussion of foreign exchange-rate determination and markets; and heavily emphasizes both foreign exchange-rate risk management and corporate strategy for foreign direct investment. Additionally, international capital budgeting decision process as it pertains to the special risks associated with international investing such as political and sovereign risk, inflation risk and much, much more. The same principles of finance apply to international deals as apply to all other transactions. International corporate finance is more complex than operating within the home country’s boundaries. As well as currency issue management has to understand cultural and legal differences. Currency risk takes three forms like transaction, translation and economic. Companies can choose to take action to reduce each of these risks. Funding an overseas acquisition is more difficult than funding one in the same territory, as the target’s shareholder might not wish to hold shares in a foreign country.