Political Science is the theory and practice of government of states and it’s the detailed social study or analysis of other political practices of a country. Political Science is interconnected with other fields that have a great impact on a country’s political activities, such as public policy, economics, national policies, international affairs, sociology, history, etc., Political Science is a methodology of social research. The methodologies and approaches in the study of political science include rationalism, positivism, realism, institutionalism and structuralism. The resources for the study of political science are: Historical and Official Records, statistical analysis, journal articles, researches and case studies.
The History of Political Sciences clearly demonstrates the antecedents of politics such as moral philosophy, political economy, political Philosophy, Political theology, etc., which helped in evolution of international politics. In the middle Ages of the history of politics, the rise in the concept of monotheism brought a new dimension of political actions. The antecedents of Politics, in the ancient Indian Sub-Continent are found in Vedas, Samhitas, Mahabharata and so on. Arthashastra, by Chanakya is a thesis of political thought and strategies. During the Renaissance of Italy, the emphasis of Modern Political Science was established.
Political Science Studies concentrate on
The contributions and services of Political scientists are essential in the environment of politics and society. They provide the frameworks of current politics to the journalists, politicians, Political Commentators, special interest groups and the election commissions of the countries. They are working or serving for Non-Government Organizations, Political Movements, Governments, Advisors in Political Parties and civil servants.
The term Political Science refers a scientific method while the term Political Studies refers to the wider approach of politics. The main objectives of Polical Sciences are to give awareness to the people about the political processes. The knowledge of Political Science will help people in their career to work effectively in their organizations.
Political Science is an important study of human behavior. Political Science is a tool and the knowledge, through which people can understand the current political affairs and democracy. It helps the people to know about the rights and freedoms of citizens, to take decisions and to handle political situation in their country.