Human geography is the branch of geography. Human geography is the field of geography which deals with the study of human activities and their relationships with the surroundings. Human geography generally varies from physical geography because it has a greater importance on studying the human activities and is more related to the qualitative research methodologies. In fact, the human geography is the social science field, whereas the physical geography is related to the earth science.
Human geography is mainly concerned with the study of the spatial patterns of relationship between human beings and their physical surroundings. The human geographers learn about the places and people. The area of human geography mainly focuses on how human beings organize society and space, how human beings make places, how people interact with each other across space and in places, and how human beings make sense of others and themselves in our regions, localities, and the world. Advancement in the transportation and communication technologies is making people and places more interconnected. Hundred years ago the steamship, the buggy and horse and railroad were the only the fastest modes of transportation. At present, we could cross the earth in record time, with easy access to airplanes, ships and automobiles. Features of popular culture, such as architecture and fashion, are making several places and people look more alike. In spite of all these fluctuations or developments encouraging us to be more alike, our world still includes a huge number of ways wherein people identify others and themselves. The world includes of nearly two hundred countries, thousands of languages, a diversity of religions, and any number of settlement kinds from enormous global cities to small villages.
All of these features come together in diverse ways around the world in order to create a world of incessantly diverse people and places. Explaining and understanding this diversity is the objective of the human geography.