Disk defragmentation is the process of consolidating the files and reducing them from being scattered in file systems. This fragmentation at times happens to a hard disk drive when a certain file is saved, changed and deleted. The changes made to a file when saved are often stored at a location on the hard disk that is strange from the original. The system organizes the contents of the mass storage device to store files in a adjoining region if possible, or in the smallest possible number of locations if not.
The Benefits of Defragmentation
In many ways disk defragmentation is beneficial and pertinent to file systems on electromechanical disk drives. The progress of the hard drive’s read/write heads upon distinguished areas of the disk when entering fragmented files is sluggish compared to entering the whole contents of a non-fragmented file successively without moving the read/write heads to seek other fragments.
Mainly fragmentation is caused when the operating system cannot or will not be able to allocate sufficient adjacent space to store a complete file as a unit, but in its place splits other files for spaces. Heavy files and higher in numbers can also lead to fragmentation and gradually there occurs performance loss. Disk defragmentation therefore strives to solve all these problems on the long run.
Partitions which can Help
A traditional way of avoiding fragmentation is to make partitions in the hard disks and to organize the file system according to the spaces in which they are allocated. Partitions will help the user also to identify the allocation spaces of each file and the creation and termination are made simple. The directories containing the user profiles are frequently being modified with the help of this partition program. Though partition activity takes little time for defragmentation and later on to use defragmenter this enables easy ways and means to rectify those sorts of problems.
Immovable Files can pose as Threat
The problems can come in the form of immovable files particularly a swap file can hamper disk defragmentation. But when the operating system is not active these files can be moved. In the recent times as the technology has more advanced and with the range of multi-user operating system, a common user will not able to move the files and an expert user will be required to perform the duties. Certain improvements have been made in the hard drives such RAMs and commanding queues which reduce the impact of fragmentation to some extent.