Geotechnical engineering is one of the spheres of civil engineering which explore and study the behavior of earth materials. This is one of the important components of engineering and various sectors like mining, military and petroleum depend on this technology. The two major principles used here are soil mechanics and rock mechanics. The study includes investigation of surface, ground reaction to varied conditions, appraise natural slopes, assess the risk of man soil deposits, site conditions and design soil work. Experts in the area will scrutinize chemical and physical reactions of the earth materials. The information will be crucial aspect for the projects to draw closer.
Major aspects of Geotechnical Engineering
The objective of using geotechnical engineering is to protect people. That means preventing buildings from collapse due to earthquakes, landslides and any flooding possibilities affecting the buildings. All these are significant aspects of geotechnical engineering. In all the segments the stability of the soil is investigated, even underwater soil is inspected for offshore platforms. Once the investigations come to conclusion then designs for footing and foundations are planned out. The structures can consist of steel, iron, timber, concrete and masonry which will then placed underneath to sustain and hold the weight of the building. And to be precise experts calculate not only the weight of the building but add the weight of the people it can contain. Especially for bridges where heavy vehicles movements will be more intense, if things are not precise then it may produce drastic results.
Importance of worker’s safety in Geotechnical Excavations
And whenever earth is moved, proper monitoring is mandatory so as to prevent the rest from caving. Earth becoming unstable can lead to complex situations if they are not observed of the reactions. This can be prevented by fixing concrete and steel holdings. And workers’ safety cannot be neglected during such excavation therefore temporary holdings and proper supports have to be ensured. This is tedious and can become hazardous especially for those involving in underground and mining related works. Geotechnical engineering is closely connected to ocean and marine engineering. This technology has proved effective in places like islands where aerodromes and landing ways are to be constructed. Offshore platforms and oil platforms are also successfully erected using this sound technology. Courses on this subject not only teach students conservative ideas but expose them to realities and they themselves carry out projects where graduates are very much part of this.