Organic chemistry is a discipline within chemistry that involves the scientific study of the structure, properties, composition, reactions, and preparation (by synthesis or by other means) of carbon-based compounds, hydrocarbons, and their derivatives. These compounds may contain any number of other elements, including hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, the halogens as well as phosphorus, silicon and sulfur.
Organic compounds are structurally diverse, and the range of application of organic compounds is enormous. They form the basis of, or are important constituents of many products (plastics, drugs, petrochemicals, food, explosives, paints, to name but a few) and, with very few exceptions, they form the basis of all earthly life processes.
Organic chemistry, like all areas of science, evolves with particular waves of innovation. These innovations are motivated by practical considerations as well as theoretical innovations. The area is, however, underpinned financially by the very large applications in biochemistry, polymer science, pharmaceutical chemistry, and agrochemicals.
Since organic compounds often exist as mixtures, a variety of techniques have also been developed to assess purity, especially important being chromatography techniques such as HPLC and gas chromatography. Traditional methods of separation include distillation, crystallization, and solvent extraction.
Organic compounds were traditionally characterized by a variety of chemical tests, called "wet methods," but such tests have been largely displaced by spectroscopic or other computer-intensive methods of analysis. Listed in approximate order of utility, the chief analytical methods are:
Traditional spectroscopic methods such as infrared spectroscopy, optical rotation, UV/VIS spectroscopy provide relatively nonspecific structural information but remain in use for specific classes of compounds.
|Courses/Topics we help on|
|Qualitative Analysis||Confidence Interval for Mean & Proportions||Nomenclature of Inorganic Compounds|
||Inter Molecular Force|
|Lewis Structure-VSEPR Theory-Shapes of Molecular Models||Chemical Kinetics||Concentration of Solution: Molarity, Molality and Normality|
|Clausius-Clapeyron Equation||Nomenclature of Organic Compounds||Fundamentals of Organic Chemistry|
|Balancing the Chemical Equation by Ion-Electron Method or Redox Method||Classification of Chemical Reactions||Chemistry of Transition Elements|
|Coordination Chemistry||Molecular and Empirical Formula of Organic and Inorganic Compounds||Gas Laws, Charles Law, Boyle's Law, Ideal and Real Gas Equation|
|Periodic Properties of Elements||Substitution and Elimination Reaction||ThermoChemistry|
|Chemical Equilibrium||Rate Law, Order and Molecularity||Nuclear Chemistry|
|Fundamentals of Inorganic Chemistry||Chemistry of Representative Elements||Isomerism in Organic and Inorganic Compounds|
|Electronic Configuration of Elements||Parametric Equations||IB Chemistry|
|IUPAC nomenclature||Chemical bonding||Isomerism|
|Chemical kinetics||Chemical equilibrium||Reward Management|
|Co-ordination chemistry||Nuclear chemistry||Stereochemistry|
|Group theory||Organic reaction mechanism||Organometallic complexes|
|Reagents in organic synthesis||Natural products||Quantum chemistry|