Unique Properties Of Carbon Atom
The name Carbon is derived from Latin word Carbo. Sixth element of periodic table namely the carbon, classified non metal plays a vital role in biological process of every individual. It is the basis of lives. Incomplete combustion left residual which lead to the first discovery of Carbon. There are nearly 11 types of allotropes which are almost solid nature. Atomic number of carbon is 6. It is the 15th most copious element found in the earth crust. In the universe they are ranked as fourth abundant element next to hydrogen, helium and oxygen.
Physical Characteristics: It is not chemically corroded so easily. When burnt they release carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide in the presence of oxygen or air at very high temperatures. It exists in three main different forms namely graphite, lamp black and diamond. They are black in colour. It can be colorless when it exists in diamond form.
Allotropic forms of carbon:
Allotropes are nothing but stable atomic carbon structure and have various configurations of carbon molecules. Different types of carbon allotropes are as follows.
Chemical Characteristics: Carbon atom has six electrons. It has the capability of accepting four valence electrons. It forms covalent bonds of different lengths. Due to this uniqueness it plays a major role in chemistry of live that is organic chemistry. Energy release is more and unusual when a reduced carbon is oxidized. Coming to the energy for life, carbon atom releases more energy by exchanging the electrons due to chemical reactions. Practically reduced carbon when oxidized can form heat. Electron sharing between hydrogen and carbon is mutually dependent. When a carbon atom form a bond with a hydrogen atom the chain terminates that it hydrogen act as end adapter. This property helps in better understanding of Hydrocarbons as it a combination of hydrogen and carbon. It finds its own application in making of fuel, pharmaceuticals, dissolving solvents, nuclear fusion reactions and nanotubes.
Applications of carbon:
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