Wharton's duct is also referred as submandibular duct or as submaxillary duct. Wharton's duct is a type of salivary duct. Wharton's duct is almost 5 cm in its length. Wall of Wharton's duct is somewhat thin when compared to parotid duct. Wharton's duct protrudes out deep from its gland numerous branches and lope to the fore in between the following.
Wharton's duct release in to thin orifice on the small papilla pinnacle which are on the sides of frenulum linguae. Wharton's duct in hyoglossus intermediates in between lingual nerves and hypoglossal nerves. It crosses lingual nerve in lateral direction which is at anterior side of muscle. However, lingual nerve’s terminal branch rises in medial sideward’s. Wharton's duct exhausts saliva both from sublingual gland and submandibular gland to sunlingual caruncle which are seen in bottom of the tongue. Wharton's duct was first described by the English anatomist and physician named Thomas Wharton (1614 – 1673).
Presence of Foreign Materials in Wharton's Duct:
Presence of foreign materials in Wharton's duct is a very rare occasion. However opening of Wharton's duct is easily accessed and entry of foreign body is not usual as it is calibrated, having tremendous mobility and uninterrupted way out for saliva all the way through it. Foreign bodies can be removed by surgery of Wharton's duct. Surgery is modality treatment as convoluted anatomy of Wharton duct provides impulsive expulsion almost not possible. Successful surgical Wharton duct treatment is coupled with precise preoperative localization. Postoperative ductal stenosis shall be prevented by opening of Wharton’s duct marsupalized instead of closing it primarily. Inaccurate localization of foreign body shall be removed by conventional submandibular approach by using horizontal cervical skin incision.
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